Compliance Countdown

Within 6 Months

 February 25, 2021
North Atlantic Datalink

International regulators further suspended the North Atlantic datalink mandate to Feb. 25, 2021, to provide more flexibility for traffic that flies through the region during the Covid-19 crisis. The mandate, which went into effect January 30, 2020, would require aircraft to be equipped with FANS 1/A controller-pilot datalink communications and ADS-C (contract) equipment to transit through the North Atlantic tracks from FL290 to FL410.

 February 25, 2021
U.S.: Las Vegas Metroplex

The FAA has made minor adjustments to five procedures that are part of the ongoing Las Vegas Metroplex project. Starting February 25, changes will affect the following procedures: the Hoover Seven Departure route for KLAS; the precision approaches from the east and the north to KLAS Runway 19R; the precision approach to 19L; and the Games Arrival route for Henderson Executive Airport.

 March 1, 2021
EASA: Regular Update of CS-25

Annually the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) proposes revisions to regulations to reflect the state of the art and improve harmonization with U.S. FARs. The objective of this Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) to CS-25 large airplane certification standards is to upgrade specific requirements, such as: turboprop propeller vibrations, fabrication methods, windshield failure conditions and structural effects, and cabin interior crashworthiness. Comments on the NPA are due March 1, 2021.

 March 15, 2021
U.S.: Aircraft Noise Research

The FAA seeks comments on updated aircraft noise research efforts that would be used to establish future aircraft noise policies. The FAA says it will “carefully consider public and other stakeholder input along with any additional research needed to improve the understanding of the effects of aircraft noise exposure on communities” before it makes any policy determinations on noise policies, including any revised use of the day-night average sound level noise metric. Comments on this notice are due by March 15, 2021.

 March 17, 2021
U.S.: Aircraft Fuel Truck/ Farm Fire Standards

The National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA) requires the installation of automatic shutdown systems on aviation fuel trucks and fuel farms in its revisions to Part 407 aircraft fuel servicing standards. The NFPA standards, typically adopted as requirements by regulatory agencies, would apply to in-service trucks and fuel farms, as well as for new equipment. In-service equipment would need to be retrofitted by June 2, 2021. The National Air Transportation Association has filed a tentative interim amendment (TIA) requesting the NFPA remove these revisions. Comments on the TIA are due March 17, 2021.

 March 31, 2021
EASA: Simulator and Training Updates

Application of new rules updating flight simulators and training requirements has been postponed to March 31, 2021, because the Covid 19 pandemic and its resulting constraints have led and continue to lead to significant delays in the update process. Enacted in December 2019, the requirements were originally scheduled to apply starting August 20. The new mandate addresses approach-to-stalls; upset prevention and recovery; engine and airframe icing effects; and developing and deploying an instructor operating station feedback tool.  

 March 31, 2021
EASA: Flight Simulation Training Devices

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is proposing rules that would upgrade flight simulators and training devices. This is an equipment-only proposal, affecting aircraft and simulator manufacturers, training data providers, organizations operating training devices, and the state authorities with responsibility to approve such devices. This proposal, comments for which are due March 21, 2021, is a separate and different rule than the new simulator training curricula requirements that have a compliance deadline on March 31, 2021. (See related item above.)

 March 31, 2021
EASA: GA Pilot Licensing

Comments are due March 31, 2020, on a proposed rule from the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to upgrade general aviation pilot licensing requirements. In addition to revising several existing regulations to recognize advances in training methods and aircraft capability, the proposal includes changes that are expected to increase the efficiency and proportionality of flight crew licensing (Part-FCL) in the context of electric-propulsion aircraft used in general aviation operations.

 March 31, 2021
EASA: Maintenance Licenses

This Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) addresses shortcomings that have been identified in the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Part 66 maintenance licensing system requirements. The goals of the NPA are to facilitate the type-rating endorsement for certain legacy aircraft, enhance the efficiency of on-the-job training, reduce the deficit of the practical skills of maintenance staff, and update the basic knowledge syllabus. In addition, this NPA provides a solution for maintenance licenses with regard to new products that are certified by EASA without adding a new license type. Comments on the NPA are due March 31, 2021.

 April 1, 2021
Canada: Increased Landing Fees

Effective April 1, landing fees at Montreal International Airport (YUL) will be set at $216 per aircraft regardless of airframe weight or type of engine. Additionally, a charge of $10 per seat (plus an amount based on mtow) will be assessed for all departing general aviation passenger flights. The Canadian Business Aviation Association believes the new fees are “punitive” and requested the airport authority to consider other options.

 April 14, 2021
EASA: Chip Detection Systems

This notice of proposed amendment introduces new objective-based certification specifications for the performance of small and large rotorcraft chip detection systems. The objective of this proposal is to ensure that the chip detection systems installed in rotor drive components achieve an acceptable minimum level of detecting ferromagnetic particles indicating the incipient failure or degradation of internal gearbox components. Comments on the proposal are due by April 14, 2021.        

 May 25, 2021
EASA: Helicopter Bird Strikes

Windshield bird-strike protection rules are proposed for EASA Part CS-27 small helicopters. The requirements will apply to newly design rotorcraft in Europe and be similar to the bird-strike standards that have been in place since 1996 for Part CS-29 and U.S. FAR Part 29 large helicopter designs. Comments on the proposal are due by May 25, 2021.

 May 27, 2021 and August 25, 2021
EASA: Aging Aircraft Structure

Incremental deadlines are set for implementing new and revised EASA regulations to address large turbine airplane structural aging risk factors. These risks include fatigue of the basic type design, widespread fatigue damage, corrosion, fatigue from modifications and repairs, and continued operation with unsafe levels of fatigue cracking. Design approval holders are required to develop data to support continuing structural integrity programs. At the same time, operators of covered airplanes need to revise their aircraft maintenance programs to incorporate those data and to address the adverse effects of modifications and repairs on each airframe. The first of several incremental deadlines, including the submission of compliance plans by STC holders, is May 27, 2021, and August 25, 2021.

 May 31, 2021
EASA: Helicopter Ditching Survivability

Improving the survivability of occupants in a water impact from a helicopter ditching is the subject of a notice of proposed amendment (NPA) from the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). The NPA would revise type certification standards for both small (Part CS-27) and large (Part CS-29) rotorcraft by requiring several design improvements. In addition, this NPA also proposes some minor enhancements to the certification specifications for new applications for approving ditching and emergency flotation provisions. Comments are due by May 31, 2021.

 June 12, 2021
FAA: Weight and Balance Program

Extensive changes to how aircraft weight and balance calculations are made were adopted last year under OpSpec Notice 8900.551 and Advisory Circular 120-27F. The compliance effective date is June 12, 2021. The FAA will no longer publish average passenger or baggage weights. Instead, AC 120-27F provides updated methods operators may use to incorporate standard average passenger, crewmember, and baggage weights into an authorized weight and balance control program. Until June 12, operators will have the option to use actual weights or an approved average weight method they have developed. After June 12, operators that have not received amended OpSpecs/MSpecs/LOAs should use actual weights when determining weight and balance.

 August 12, 2021
EASA: Landing Performance Criteria

Due to continuing disruptions in the aviation industry from the Covid-19 pandemic, EASA has delayed the effective date of regulations implementing new standards for aircraft landing performance calculations. The new compliance date of the rules, amended on Aug. 1, 2019, and originally set to go into effect on Nov. 5, is now Aug. 12, 2021.   

 May 27, 2021 and August 25, 2021
EASA: Aging Aircraft Structure

Incremental deadlines are set for implementing new and revised EASA regulations to address large turbine airplane structural aging risk factors. These risks include fatigue of the basic type design, widespread fatigue damage, corrosion, fatigue from modifications and repairs, and continued operation with unsafe levels of fatigue cracking. Design approval holders are required to develop data to support continuing structural integrity programs. At the same time, operators of covered airplanes need to revise their aircraft maintenance programs to incorporate those data and to address the adverse effects of modifications and repairs on each airframe. The first of several incremental deadlines, including the submission of compliance plans by STC holders, is May 27, 2021, and August 25, 2021.

Within 12 Months

 May 27, 2021 and August 25, 2021
EASA: Aging Aircraft Structure

Incremental deadlines are set for implementing new and revised EASA regulations to address large turbine airplane structural aging risk factors. These risks include fatigue of the basic type design, widespread fatigue damage, corrosion, fatigue from modifications and repairs, and continued operation with unsafe levels of fatigue cracking. Design approval holders are required to develop data to support continuing structural integrity programs. At the same time, operators of covered airplanes need to revise their aircraft maintenance programs to incorporate those data and to address the adverse effects of modifications and repairs on each airframe. The first of several incremental deadlines, including the submission of compliance plans by STC holders, is May 27, 2021, and August 25, 2021.

 November 4, 2021
Runway Surface Assessment Format

In response to the on-going Covid-19 pandemic and the associated challenges facing the aviation industry, ICAO has delayed for one year the applicability date of the new global reporting format (GRF) for assessing runway conditions to Nov. 4, 2021. Under an EASA notice of proposed rulemaking in 2018, the GRF was scheduled to go into effect Nov. 5, 2020. The agencies, in partnership with key international organizations, will continue to provide support to member states and stakeholders as they emerge from the current crisis and revise their implementation plans. In particular, training resources will be enhanced and awareness-raising activities will be re-launched.

 November 25, 2021
Canada: Emergency Locator Transmitters

Starting on Nov. 25, 2021, Canadian-registered commercial and private aircraft required to have an emergency locator transmitter cannot be operated in the country unless it is equipped with one or more ELTs that transmit simultaneously on the 406 MHz and 121.5 MHz frequencies. Foreign-registered aircraft operating in Canada must have at least one 406 MHz ELT. Currently, Canadian Aviation Regulations only require that aircraft operate with one 121.5 MHz ELT, although nearly half of the country's fleet have converted to 406 MHz ELTs.

 December 2, 2021
Australia: Flight Operations

Ten new flight operations regulations will consolidate the operating and flight rules, as well as certification and management requirements, for a variety of aircraft and operations which will apply to all pilots and operators in Australia. They will all commence on Dec. 2, 2021. The regulations covered include general operating and flight rules; certification and management of commercial aircraft operating certificates; and small and large airplanes and rotorcraft. 

 January 1, 2022
Mexico: ADS-B Mandate

ADS-B Out requirements for Mexico are delayed until Jan. 1, 2022. Originally, the mandate was scheduled to go into effect January 1. According to government officials, when the requirements do take effect, they will apply to operations in Mexico Class A, B, C, E airspace and Class E airspace above 10,000 feet. It is required now in Class E airspace over the Gulf of Mexico, at and above 3,000 feet msl within 12 nm of the Mexican coast.

Beyond 12 Months

 September 16, 2022
U.S.: Remote ID of Unmanned Aircraft

New FAR Part 89 requires that after Sept. 16, 2022, no unmanned aircraft can be produced without FAA-approved remote identification capability. After Sept. 16, 2023, no unmanned aircraft can be operated unless it is equipped with remote ID capability as described in Part 89 or is transmitting ADS-B Out under Part 91. A person operating an unmanned aircraft without remote identification must always operate within visual line of sight and in an approved FAA-recognized identification area. On Sept. 16, 2022, the FAA will begin accepting applications from listed types of organizations for FAA-recognized identification areas.

 November 13, 2022
Australia: Airport Certification

Revised Australian airport certification regulations (CASR Part 139) and an accompanying revised manual of standards (MOS) went into effect on Aug. 13, 2020. Under a transition period, operators of certified airports have until Nov. 13, 2022, to comply with the requirements and MOS publications, including developing an airport operations manual.

 December 12, 2022
Canada: Duty/Rest Regulations

Revisions to duty time and rest regulations for Canadian-registered commercial operators go into effect on Dec. 12, 2020 for large air carriers (CAR Part 705), and on Dec. 12, 2022 for commuter and air taxi operators of turbine and non-turbine aircraft (CAR Parts 704 and 703). Transport Canada said the changes include: prescribed flight and duty time limits that respect modern scientific research and international standards to limit the amount of time a crew member can be on the job; and fatigue risk-management systems that will require operators to demonstrate that any variance to the prescribed flight and duty time limits will not adversely affect the level of flight crew fatigue or alertness.

 December 31, 2022
New Zealand ADS-B Out Mandate

Covid-19 pandemic implications have prompted New Zealand to extend its ADS-B Out compliance date for one year from the previous deadline of Dec. 31, 2021. The ADS-B provisions, already mandatory for aircraft flying above 24,500 feet, will apply in the rest of New Zealand’s controlled airspace by Dec. 31, 2022. Financial support to help aircraft owners equip with ADS-B avionics is available on a first-come, first-served basis, with up to $2,500 for ADS-B out and an additional $500 for ADS-B in.

 December 31, 2022
Mexico: CVRs and FDRs

Cockpit voice and flight data equipment requirements for commercial turbine aircraft operations (including air taxis) that were adopted in 2011 by Mexico’s aviation authority will become effective and go into force incrementally from Dec. 31, 2020 through Dec. 31, 2022, based on the number of aircraft in an operators fleet. Generally, the rules apply to turbine airplanes with 10 or more passenger seats and large turbine helicopters flying in Mexico airspace under an international air operator certificate.

 January 1, 2023
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CO2 aircraft emissions standards apply to all other new jet design applications made on or after Jan, 1, 2023. The standards also apply to new deliveries of in-production large jets starting Jan. 1, 2028. Jets with mtow under 12,566 pounds, turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, and piston-engine airplanes are exempt.

 June 7, 2023
European ADS-B out Mandate

The ADS-B Out requirement in Europe is Dec. 7, 2020, for aircraft receiving their certificate of airworthiness (C of A) on or after December 7. Aircraft that obtained their C of A between June 6, 1995, and Dec. 7, 2020, must arrange for retrofits to meet the ADS-B Out mandate by June 7, 2023. Both deadlines apply only to aircraft with an mtow exceeding 5,700 kg (12,566 pounds) or having a maximum cruising true airspeed capability greater than 250 knots. Aircraft with a C of A dated before June 6, 1995 are exempt from European ADS-B requirements.

 September 16, 2023
U.S.: Remote ID of Unmanned Aircraft

New FAR Part 89 requires that after Sept. 16, 2023, no unmanned aircraft can be operated unless it is equipped with remote identification capability or is transmitting ADS-B Out under Part 91. A person operating an unmanned aircraft without remote identification must always operate within visual line of sight and in an approved FAA-recognized identification area. Part 89 describes the types of organizations that can apply for an FAA-recognized identification area.

 January 1, 2028
Aircraft CO2 Emissions Standards

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's CO2 aircraft emissions standards apply to new deliveries of in-production large jets starting Jan. 1, 2028. Jets with mtow under 12,566 pounds, turboprops below 19,000 pounds mtow, and piston-engine airplanes are exempt.